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Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo

Maintaining standards and check items for bulk terminals

Terminals should determine the suitability of a ship for compatibility with both loading and/or unloading terminal infrastructure as appropriate.



It is important that the terminal operator keeps its relevant customers informed of current terminal standards, limitations and operating conditions in terms of any changes to relevant navigational conditions, water depths, loading/unloading equipment and rates.


bulk terminal coal handling
Fig: bulk terminal coal handling

In addition to the checks carried out by the charterer and/or shipper and/or receiver, the terminal operator should take reasonable steps to assure that all bulk carriers nominated for loading/unloading at the terminal are operationally suitable in all respects for the purpose.

A Bulk carrier deck area

The following checks are examples of the type of checks that may be carried out from appropriate sources of information to confirm that ship meets berth maximum and minimum size limits.:

i) Length overall/Beam/Draft.

ii) Number of holds.

iii) Hatch lengths and widths. Compare dimensions with the most suitable hatch openings on the basis of the terminal's own experience. If hatches are less than the preferred size, loader/unloader operators should be informed and appropriate precautions taken.

iv) Gearless/Geared/Gear Type. Location of gear.

v) Working length from foreward end No.1 hold to aft end aft hold.

vi) Any equipment, design details or performance limitations that could affect the safety or efficiency of the operation.



Related Information

Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Preparation and Guidelines for terminal prior to bulk cargo loading/unloading in ships

Terminal duties in loading solid bulk cargo

Terminal duties unloading solid bulk cargo

Training requirement for terminal personnel

Encountering hazards at the ship/shore interface during handling of Solid Bulk Cargoes

Required information from ship to terminal prior loading / unloading bulk cargo

High loading rates by shore terminal and potential problems for bulk carriers

Causes of structural damage and countermeasures

Deterioration of ships hull and consequences of hull damage /forward flooding

Bulk carrier hull damage - causes and preventive measures

How to avoid damage during cargo operation

How to arrange repair of damage during cargo loading/unloading



Our detail pages illustrated many safety aspects of Bulk carrier

Home page |||Bulk carrier types ||| Handling of bulk coal |||Cargo planning ||| Carriage of grain |||Risk of iron ores |||Self unloading bulk carriers |||Care of cargo & vessel |||Cargoes that may liquefy |||Suitability of ships |||Terminal guideline |||Hold cleaning |||Cargo cranes |||Ballast handling procedure |||Bulk carrier safety |||Fire fighting systems |||Bulk carrier General arrangement






Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please Contact us

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