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Required training for terminal operator handling solid bulk cargo


Loader/unloader operator training should include:

1. The general hazards of loading and/or unloading Bulk Carriers (ref. BLU Code (Code of Practice for the Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk Carriers) and IMSBC Code (Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes))

2. The dangerous effect improper loading and/or unloading can have on a ship.



bulk terminal malaysia
Fig: Bulk terminal load ready condition


To load a ship:

Loader operators should have an appropriate understanding of how to:

i) Distribute the cargo in each hold in accordance with the agreed cargo plan to ensure the ship remains upright, and is neither stressed nor twisted.

ii) Ensure no hold is overloaded or overfilled, and that the ship can be safely trimmed on completion.

iii) Ensure loading efficiency is maximized, as per the agreed loading/deballasting plan.

iv) Ensure safety and environmental protection procedures are followed.

v) Ensure that good communications are maintained between the loader operator and the designated ship's officer, and between master and terminal representative.




To unload a ship:

Unloader operators should have an appropriate understanding of how to:

i) Unload the cargo from each hold in accordance with the agreed unloading plan to ensure that the ship remains upright and is not stressed or twisted.

ii) Remove the cargo from the holds by either grab or continuous unloader in a manner that minimizes the risk of damage to the ship's structure.

iii) Ensure that good communications are maintained between the unloader operator and the designated ship's officer, and between master and terminal representative.

iv) Assess the risks arising from cargo sticking in frames and on hopper sides and facilitate, if possible, its safe removal without risk to the safety of terminal personnel and ship's crew members, or risk of damage to ship.


Practical aspects to be included in the operator training should include:

i) The correct operating instructions for the ship loader or unloader they are operating.

ii) A basic understanding of the mechanical and electrical components of the loader and/or unloader such as travel drives, braking arrangements, ropes and rope care, grab/trolley winches, conveyors, operating and wind limits, storm anchoring.

iii) Emergency procedures such as fire on ship, terminal, or loader and/or unloader; mooring incidents, emergency stops.

iv) The correct techniques and patterns to be used to load or unload a ship, depending on the type of and number of loaders or unloaders being used.

Terminal representative training The terminal representative should:

i) Have a thorough understanding of the underlying principles related to the loading and/or unloading of bulk carriers as described in the BLU Code.

ii) Know how to implement all aspects of the BLU Code.

iii) Understand and manage the ship/shore interface in relation to the operations and limitations of the terminal, its cargo handling equipment and procedures, the planning, control and monitoring of cargoes, relevant properties of the cargoes being handled, berthing/mooring operations and emergency procedures.

The training, assessment and certification of trainees should be carried out by competent persons within the framework of existing training standards and national health and safety legislation.



Related Information

Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo

Preparation for ships carrying bulk cargo & standard loading condition

Responsibility of terminal representative for handling bulk cargo

Cargo information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Preparation and Guidelines for terminal prior to bulk cargo loading/unloading in ships

Terminal duties in loading solid bulk cargo

Terminal duties unloading solid bulk cargo

Training requirement for terminal personnel

Encountering hazards at the ship/shore interface during handling of Solid Bulk Cargoes

Required information from ship to terminal prior loading / unloading bulk cargo

High loading rates by shore terminal and potential problems for bulk carriers

Causes of structural damage and countermeasures

Deterioration of ships hull and consequences of hull damage /forward flooding

Bulk carrier hull damage - causes and preventive measures

How to avoid damage during cargo operation

How to arrange repair of damage during cargo loading/unloading



Our detail pages illustrated many safety aspects of Bulk carrier

Home page |||Bulk carrier types ||| Handling of bulk coal |||Cargo planning ||| Carriage of grain |||Risk of iron ores |||Self unloading bulk carriers |||Care of cargo & vessel |||Cargoes that may liquefy |||Suitability of ships |||Terminal guideline |||Hold cleaning |||Cargo cranes |||Ballast handling procedure |||Bulk carrier safety |||Fire fighting systems |||Bulk carrier General arrangement






Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please Contact us

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