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Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo

It is important that the ship be provided with information about a terminal so the loading or unloading can be planned. Similarly, the terminal will need information about the ship to enable preparations to be made to load or unload the ship. It is important that the information be exchanged in sufficient

time to allow preparations to be made.

Before loading commences there should be an agreement between the master and the terminal representative as to the rate of loading and order in which the cargo is to be distributed so as to achieve the final loading plan. In general, this agreement should be based on one or more of the following options:

i)the limitations or restrictions on loading procedures, if such are specified in the ship's Loading Manual or Trim and Stability Booklet, or both;

ii) If no restriction on loading procedure, and the ship has a loading instrument which has been approved, the loading plan should be prepared on the instrument and there should be a protocol in place so that the loading remains, at all times, within the approved stress limits of the ship;

bulk terminal awaiting employment
Fig: bulk terminal awaiting employment

However, even where the load plan is not the terminal's preferred option, the terminal representative should co-ordinate and agree to a plan before starting operations. Operations should not start until agreement has been obtained.

The master should forward the proposed loading/unloading plan to the terminal before the ship arrives:

i) The terminal representative should check the plan and ensure it corresponds to its expectations. If it does not the terminal may revert to the ship requesting a review of the proposed plan.

ii) By giving the ship adequate time to prepare an alternative plan, in compliance with the ship's stability booklet and loading manual or instrument, it should be possible to identify a mutually acceptable loading sequence.

Details should be provided of any necessary repairs which may delay berthing, the commencement of loading or unloading, or may delay the ship sailing on completion of loading or unloading.

The terminal should be informed if any proposed visits by ship repair contractors or service personnel, or if cranes or other equipment are required on the jetty.

Related Information

Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo

Preparation for ships carrying bulk cargo & standard loading condition

Responsibility of terminal representative for handling bulk cargo

Cargo information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Preparation and Guidelines for terminal prior to bulk cargo loading/unloading in ships

Terminal duties in loading solid bulk cargo

Terminal duties unloading solid bulk cargo

Training requirement for terminal personnel

Encountering hazards at the ship/shore interface during handling of Solid Bulk Cargoes

Required information from ship to terminal prior loading / unloading bulk cargo

High loading rates by shore terminal and potential problems for bulk carriers

Causes of structural damage and countermeasures

Deterioration of ships hull and consequences of hull damage /forward flooding

Bulk carrier hull damage - causes and preventive measures

How to avoid damage during cargo operation

How to arrange repair of damage during cargo loading/unloading

Our detail pages illustrated many safety aspects of Bulk carrier

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Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please Contact us

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