Responsibility of terminal representative for handling bulk cargo

Who is a terminal representative ?
Terminal representative means a person appointed by the terminal or other facility where the ship is loading or unloading, who has responsibility for operations conducted by that terminal or facility with regard to the particular ship.



For reasons of practicality it is accepted that the role of terminal representative cannot be limited to one person throughout the entire loading or unloading period, and that provision must be made for shift patterns and compliance with hours of work agreements and regulations.

Terminal personnel should be trained in all aspects of safe loading and unloading of bulk carriers. Commensurate with their responsibilities, terminal personnel should be able to:

i) Understand the basic principles of bulk carrier construction.

ii) Understand how loading/unloading operations can over stress and damage a ship and know why and how this must be avoided.

iii) Understand the roles and responsibilities, of:

a. The terminal representative.

b.The ship loader/unloader operator, as applicable.

c. Ship's master, chief officer and crew.

iv)Know the standard procedures and plans by which bulk carriers are loaded and unloaded.

v) Know the ship/shore communications and emergency procedures applicable.

vi) Know how to access and work safely on board a bulk carrier.

vii) Understand and know how to safely start up, operate and shut down the ship loading/unloading equipment on the terminal for which they are responsible.

viii) Terminal personnel should be knowledgeable of their responsibilities under other relevant codes for example the ISPS Code (International Ship and Port Facility Security Code), IMO/ILO Code of Practice on Security in Ports and the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Ports.

Terminal operators should ensure that personnel involved in the loading and unloading operations are duly rested to avoid fatigue.

In addition to assuring that terminal personnel are duly rested, terminal personnel involved in cargo handling work should be provided with personal protective equipment such as safety helmets, safety footwear, high visibility jackets, gloves, hearing and respiratory protection, as required.



Related Information

Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo

Preparation for ships carrying bulk cargo & standard loading condition

Responsibility of terminal representative for handling bulk cargo

Cargo information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo

Preparation and Guidelines for terminal prior to bulk cargo loading/unloading in ships

Terminal duties in loading solid bulk cargo

Terminal duties unloading solid bulk cargo

Training requirement for terminal personnel

Encountering hazards at the ship/shore interface during handling of Solid Bulk Cargoes

Required information from ship to terminal prior loading / unloading bulk cargo

High loading rates by shore terminal and potential problems for bulk carriers

Causes of structural damage and countermeasures

Deterioration of ships hull and consequences of hull damage /forward flooding

Bulk carrier hull damage - causes and preventive measures

How to avoid damage during cargo operation

How to arrange repair of damage during cargo loading/unloading






Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please Contact us

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A Bulk carrier underway
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"







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