For reasons of practicality it is accepted
that the role of terminal representative cannot
be limited to one person throughout the entire
loading or unloading period, and that provision
must be made for shift patterns and compliance
with hours of work agreements and regulations.
Terminal personnel should be trained in
all aspects of safe loading and unloading of
Commensurate with their responsibilities,
terminal personnel should be able to:
i) Understand the basic principles of bulk
ii) Understand how loading/unloading
operations can over stress and damage a
ship and know why and how this must
iii) Understand the roles and
a. The terminal representative.
b.The ship loader/unloader operator, as
c. Ship's master, chief officer and
iv)Know the standard procedures and plans
by which bulk carriers are loaded and
v) Know the ship/shore communications
and emergency procedures applicable.
vi) Know how to access and work safely on
board a bulk carrier.
vii) Understand and know how to safely start
up, operate and shut down the ship
loading/unloading equipment on the
terminal for which they are responsible.
viii) Terminal personnel should be
knowledgeable of their responsibilities
under other relevant codes for example
the ISPS Code (International Ship and
Port Facility Security Code), IMO/ILO
Code of Practice on Security in Ports
and the ILO Code of Practice on Safety
and Health in Ports.
Terminal operators should ensure that
personnel involved in the loading and
unloading operations are duly rested to avoid
In addition to assuring that terminal
personnel are duly rested, terminal personnel
involved in cargo handling work should be
provided with personal protective equipment
such as safety helmets, safety footwear, high
visibility jackets, gloves, hearing and
respiratory protection, as required.
Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo
Preparation for ships carrying bulk cargo & standard loading condition
Responsibility of terminal representative for handling bulk cargo
Cargo information required by ships handling bulk cargo
Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo
Preparation and Guidelines for terminal prior to bulk cargo loading/unloading in ships
Terminal duties in loading solid bulk cargo
Terminal duties unloading solid bulk cargo
Training requirement for terminal personnel
Encountering hazards at the ship/shore interface during handling of Solid Bulk Cargoes
Required information from ship to terminal prior loading / unloading bulk cargo
High loading rates by shore terminal and potential problems for bulk carriers
Causes of structural damage and countermeasures
Deterioration of ships hull and consequences of hull damage /forward flooding
Bulk carrier hull damage - causes and preventive measures
How to avoid damage during cargo operation
How to arrange repair of damage during cargo loading/unloading
Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please
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- Regulation of pumping system of bulk carriers
- Ships Confined area safe practice
- Handling water ingress problems in bulk carrier, investigation and countermeasures
- Survival and safety procedure for bulk carriers
- Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo