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Arrangement of cargo damage survey onboard bulk carrier



If cargo damage has occurred or is suspected, the ship master should immediately inform the charterer and the P&I Club. The main concern is when the receiver refuses to accept delivery of the damaged cargo, resulting in a loss to the vessel. The first aim is to persuade the receiver to accept the cargo. However, this can only be done by agreement between the carrier and the receiver.



It is possible that the receiver and the carrier may appoint a joint surveyor to reach an agreement on the extent of damage. However, for ship's officers, it is vital that the facts are recorded in the appropriate logbook as soon as damage has been discovered.

To support a claim, the surveyor may request that the ship provide the following documents: Before any documentation is handed over, the authority of the ship's operator is required. The surveyor may also ask for additional documentation, depending upon the nature of the cargo and the trade area.

It must be kept in mind that the carrier must show that the ship has been maintained in a seaworthy condition, that due diligence has been exercised for the safe carriage of the cargo and that any damage to the cargo has been due to circumstances beyond the control of shipboard officers. If these can be proven by documentary evidence a claim can be avoided.

Hold Damage Surveys

If ship's officers notice any damage to the ship's structure they must immediately notify the Master, who in turn must notify the concerned parties including managers, charterers and P&I Club as well as the stevedores. A letter should be issued to the stevedores holding them responsible for the damage . If the ship has been chartered, the charterers are usually responsible for the damage caused by the stevedores. However, since the onus to prove the claim in such cases is on the claimant, ie the carrier, the ship's officers must ensure that adequate evidence is collected as soon as possible.

To avoid losing a claim, any negligence by the stevedores should immediately be brought to the attention of the Master, who should notify them in writing.


Use of damage control book

Damage control books issued to cargo ships contain text, tables and diagrams providing information concerning the ship’s damage control characteristics and systems. These books normally include the information from tank sounding tables, stability and loading data booklets, cross curves of stability and other sources. Copies of the damage control book should be readily available in the event of any shipboard emergency.


Tables and Drawings.

The Damage Control Book includes tables and drawings showing the locations of:

i) Watertight and fumetight doors, hatches and scuttles.

ii)Ventilation fittings, fans and controllers.

iii) Fire main piping valves and stations.

iv) Drainage system piping and valves.

v) Sound-powered phone circuits and jacks.


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  8. Cases of cargo damage because of improper ventilation


  9. Preventive measures against cargo which may liquefy


Our detail pages illustrated many safety aspects of Bulk carrier

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Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please Contact us

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